Monday, April 16, 2018

New Satellite to Spot Planet-Warming Industrial Methane Leaks

Multimillion dollar project will scan and make public methane leaks from oil and gas plants that are a major contributor to global warming.

MethaneSAT will be built and launched by the Environmental Defense Fund and will operate as an ‘eye in the sky’ that will spot industrial methane leaks around the world. (Photograph Credit: EDF) Click to Enlarge.
Methane leaking from oil and gas facilities around the world – a major contributor to global warming – is set to be spotted from space.

The Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) has announced it aims to launch a satellite called MethaneSAT by 2021 to scan the globe and make major leaks public.  That information will then enable governments to force action, EDF hopes.  Building and launching the satellite will cost tens of millions of dollars, but EDF says it has already raised most of the money.

Methane is a potent greenhouse gas, 80 times more powerful than carbon dioxide in the short term, and is responsible for about a fifth of human-caused climate change.  The oil and gas industry is to blame for about a third of anthropogenic methane emissions, from fracking and other exploration sites, and from leaky pipelines.

“Cutting methane emissions from the global oil and gas industry is the single fastest thing we can do to help put the brakes on climate change right now,” said Fred Krupp, EDF president.  Only 3% of oil and gas companies currently report quantitative methane emissions, according to EDF.  “By providing reliable, fully transparent data on a worldwide scale, MethaneSAT will help transform a serious climate threat into a crucial opportunity,” he said.

Plugging methane leaks is widely seen as a fast, cheap way to tackle climate change.  The International Energy Agency (IEA) estimates half of the gas leaks could be stopped at zero cost, because the cost of doing so is offset by the value of the extra gas captured and then sold.  But currently public information about the leaks is scarce and near-absent in regions where scrutiny is unwelcome.

“Our analysis has consistently emphasized that an effective response to the problem of methane emissions requires good data,” said Fatih Birol, IEA executive director.  “This announcement is a major step forward.”

Read more at New Satellite to Spot Planet-Warming Industrial Methane Leaks

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