Thursday, February 15, 2018

New Science Suggests Methane Packs More Warming Power Than Previously Thought

Methane (CH4) Molecule (Credit: Click to Enlarge.
It’s long been known that methane is a major contributor to global warming, responsible for roughly a quarter of the warming we’re experiencing today and second only to carbon dioxide in its impact on the current climate.

But research suggests methane has an even more potent warming effect on the climate than scientists previously thought.

For example, a study in Geophysical Research Letters significantly revises estimates of the energy trapped by methane by including its previously-neglected absorption of near-infrared radiation (past research included only infrared absorption—a different part of the radiation spectrum).

Packing a bigger punch
The study finds that the radiative efficiency—how much energy is trapped in the climate system by unit mass of methane—is 23% higher than estimates used in the 2013 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fifth Assessment Report (AR5).

Methane also impacts warming indirectly by creating more tropospheric ozone and stratospheric water vapor.  Its global warming potential (GWP) accounts for both its direct and indirect warming effects.  But the new research affects only the direct radiative properties.  The net increase in methane’s GWP is 14% compared to their IPCC AR5 values (over both 20- and 100-year time horizons).

Bigger challenge, greater opportunity
Reducing methane emissions is especially important for curbing near-term warming.  Because methane only lasts for a decade or so in the atmosphere, reducing emissions can have a near-immediate impact on slowing the rate of warming.  This is critical for reducing the impacts that we’re already seeing, such as sea level rise and worsened extreme weather events.  Slowing warming also gives animal and plant species a better chance at surviving climate change.

Findings like these are important because if methane impacts the climate more than we thought, it means that our actions to reduce its emissions from human activities—energy production, agriculture, and waste management—can play an even larger role in curbing warming.  In other words, policy actions and technological innovations to find and reduce emissions are more important than ever.

Read more at New Science Suggests Methane Packs More Warming Power Than Previously Thought

No comments:

Post a Comment