Monday, January 25, 2016

Record Warm Years Almost Certainly Due to Human-Made Climate Change

Mean estimated natural variability component (blue) along with five different Monte Carlo ARMA surrogates (gray) using CMIP5 all-forcing experiments. Shown for comparison are the raw observational series (red) 1880-2014. (Credit: - Figure 3 of the paper)  Click to Enlarge.
Recent record warm years are with extremely high likelihood caused by human-made climate change. Without greenhouse-gas emissions from burning coal and oil, the odds are vanishingly small that 13 out of the 15 warmest years ever measured would all have happened in the current, still young century.  These odds are between 1 in 5000 and 1 in 170,000, a new study by an international team of scientists now shows.  Including the data for 2015, which came in after the study was completed, makes the odds even slimmer.

"2015 is again the warmest year on record, and this can hardly be by chance," says co-author Stefan Rahmstorf of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research.  The scientists performed a sophisticated statistical analysis, combining observational data and comprehensive computer simulations of the climate system.  Their new approach allowed them to better separate natural climate variability from human-caused climate change.

"Natural climate variability causes temperatures to wax and wane over a period of several years, rather than varying erratically from one year to the next," says lead-author Michael Mann, distinguished professor of meteorology and director, Earth System Science Center, Penn State (US).  "That makes it more challenging to accurately assess the chance likelihood of temperature records.  Given the recent press interest, it just seemed like it was important to do this right, and address, in a defensible way, the interesting and worthwhile question of how unlikely it is that the recent run of record temperatures might have arisen by chance alone."

Read more at Record Warm Years Almost Certainly Due to Human-Made Climate Change

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