Saturday, November 05, 2016

The Paris Climate Pact Is in Effect, but It’s Not Enough

Emissions goals put forth by most nations will come up short of saving the planet, unless governments double down on their commitments.

Less than a year after its inception, the Paris climate change agreement is officially in force—but the United Nations has warned that governments must dramatically reduce carbon emissions to meet its goals.

The agreement, drawn up last December, was formally ratified by enough nation-states last month.  As of November 4, it’s binding for the countries that decided to sign up, which includes the U.S., China, and the members of the EU.  Those countries must now endeavor to reduce their fossil-fuel use in order to limit average global temperature rises to less than 2 °C above preindustrial levels.


Patricia Espinosa, executive secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, urged "sober assessment" over the task still ahead. (Credit: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) Click to Enlarge.
“This is a moment to celebrate,” said the United Nations’ climate chief Patricia Espinosa in a statement.  She’s right:  such large-scale international agreements are notoriously difficult to engineer.  While negotiations were painful, the agreement is a beacon of hope for humankind, signaling that efforts will be made to mitigate the effects of climate change.

But Espinosa also warned that now is not a time for complacency.  “It is also a moment to look ahead with sober assessment and renewed will over the task ahead,” she said.  “In a short time … we need to see unprecedented reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and unequaled efforts to build societies that can resist rising climate impacts.”

In fact, a new UN report warns that the emissions pledges put forward by the countries to date don’t go far enough.  It suggests that the emissions targets between now and 2030 will actually put the world on track to warm 3.4 °C by 2100.  The report says that a further 25 percent reduction in emissions will be required to keep warming below 2 °C.

Read more at The Paris Climate Pact Is in Effect, but It’s Not Enough

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